STATE BY STATE: 24 states running ahead of projections, 27 running behind
I launched the "State by State" chart feature towards the end of the 2015 Open Enrollment period last time around, and it proved to be pretty popular, so I've brought it back this year.
Note that whle the enrollment numbers for most states below are current through January 23rd, most of the state-based exchanges are either slightly more current or up to a month behind.
With that caveat out of the way:
- The BLUE LINES represent the percentage of QHP selections each state had achieved as of January 23rd for most states compared to my best guess at their reasonable proportion of the 12.6 million people the HHS Dept. expects to select plans nationally. In some cases (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Maryland, Minnesota and Vermont), I've used the official target number for that state, according to the exchange itself. For other states, I took a proportionate number based on the HHS Dept's 12.6 million total.
- The GREEN LINES, meanwhile, represent MY personal projection of how many people I expect to select QHPs during open enrollment this year. Again, with the exception of CA, CO, CT, ID, MD, MN & VT, none of these targets are official.
- Finally, I've included a vertical RED LINE. This represents the point I think each state should have been as of January 23rd (around 12.4 million total, or 84.3% of the 14.7 million total I was originally projecting nationally by January 31st).
The Good News: There are 24 states running ahead of where I expected them to be by this point (ie, over 84% of my projection).
The states which continue to overperform the most are Massachusetts, Maryland, Utah, Tennessee and North Carolina, which are all at least 30,000 ahead of where I expected at this point.
The Bad News: The other 27 states are running behind where I expected them to be at this point (ie, under 84%)...and as I noted a little while ago, this number is likely to grow substantially once the dust settles next week.
The biggest laggards (partly due to the sheer size of the states, of course) are New Jersey (35K behind), Georgia and Indiana (40K behind apiece), Pennsylvania and Illinois (60K behind apiece), New York (90K behind), Florida (115K behind) and, as always, Texas (260K behind).
Pennsylvania and Indiana are likely mainly due to the Medicaid expansion which ramped up in both states last year; tens of thousands of those in the 100-138% FPL income range were shifted from heavily-subsidized private policies over to Medicaid. I took a lot of stuff into account when making my projections, but forgot about that factor.
As for Texas, the biggest single factor I can think of there (aside from the entire state legislature/administration being openly hostile towards the ACA in general) is that BCBSTX discontinued all PPOs state-wide, meaning 367,000 people had to go elsewhere (including one Senator Ted Cruz). Not all of these folks were enrolled through the exchange, of course, but it could easily account for a good chunk of "lost" enrollees.
There's one other important factor here as well, however: As I confirmed last week, several hundred thousand unpaid/otherwise invalid enrollments have been cancelled and purged from the official HC.gov reports, along with at least 5,500 from Rhode Island. I've confirmed around 300,000 of these cancellations so far, and suspect it's actually a good 100K or more higher than that. These enrollments would have been included the past two years, but CMS has vastly improved their data management/recording system this year, so are able to subtract many cancellations during Open Enrollment instead of waiting until after it's over.
In other words, as shown in the table below, while the confirmed official total to date is 11.78 million (just barely ahead of last year), the "unpurged" number would be nearly 12.1 million so far.
(click the chart to load a full-sized version in a new browser window)